History of India
Our country was named after Bharat Rishabhdev’s son Maharaj Bharata, who was the Chakravarti emperor. It was renamed as Bharat from India itself. three names of our country – India, Bharat, Hindustan.
Do you know how our country India got the name Hindustan?
Let us tell you how our country India got the name Hindustan. Due to the high number of Hindus in our country India, our country was called the country of Hindus, on the basis of which our country India was named Hindustan.
Do you know how our country Bharat got the name India?
Another name for Indus River was “Indus Valley”, on the basis of which India was called India.
The oldest name of our country is Bharatvarsha. The Republic of India is called Hind. The history of India is several thousand years old, which is confirmed by an important place called Mehargarh. Where the oldest remains have been found from 7000 BC to 3300 BC. All the sages and goddesses born/incarnated in India to establish religion after the destruction of religion by the terrorist / demoniacal powers in the world, established the kingdom of unrighteousness by destroying the religion / demonic powers, due to which it was born Also called Dev Bhoomi. The earliest evidence of humans in India is from Kerala, which is likely to be 70000 years old. Indian history is divided into three parts:
- Ancient history.
- Medieval history.
- Modern history.
Sources of Ancient Indian History
The following sources of ancient Indian history are:
- Literary evidence.
- Details of foreign travelers.
- Archaeological evidence.
Literary evidence is divided into two parts:
- Religious Evidence.
- Temporal evidence.
Under the ancient Indian history, the Stone Age (from 70,000 BC to 33,00 BC), Mehergarh Culture (from 7000 BC to 33 BC), Indus Valley Civilization (from 3,300 BC to 1,750 BC), Harappan Culture ( 1,700 BC to 1,300 BC), Vedic period (1500 BC to 1000 BC), Post-Vedic period (1000 BC to 600 BC), Mahajanapada (700 BC to 300 BC), Magadha Empires (from 540 BC to 320 BC), Satavahana Empire (230 BC to 199 BC), Maurya Dynasty (322 BC to 184 BC), Sunga Dynasty (184 BC to 75 BC), Saka Empires (123 BC to 200 BC), Kushan Empire (60 BC to 240 BC), Gupta Dynasty (319 BC to 467 BC), Vedas, Vedang, Upanishads, Puranas, Buddhism, Jainism, Haryak Dynasty, Nanda Dynasty, etc, are studied.
Types of Vedas
The Rigveda and the Samaveda are a collection of the Ritchas. The Yajurveda consists of appropriation sentences for Yaganushthan and the Atharvaveda is “a collection of tantra-mantras”. The oldest Veda is the Rigveda.
The total number of Upanishads is 108. The motto “Satyameva Jayate” of India is derived from the Mundakopanishad.
Under the medieval Indian history, there were slave dynasties (1206 AD to 1290 AD), the Khilji dynasty (1290 AD to 1320 AD), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320 AD to 1414 AD), the Syed dynasty (1414 AD to 1451 AD), Lodi dynasty (1451 AD to 1526 AD), Mughal Dynasty (1526 AD to 1857 AD), Suri Dynasty (1540 AD to 1555 AD), Deccan Sultanate (1490 AD to 1596 AD), Bahmani Dynasty (1358 AD to 1518 AD) Up to), Rashtrakuta dynasty (736 AD to 973 AD), Hoysala empire (1040 AD to 1346 AD), Kakatiya kingdom (1083 AD to 1323 AD), Vijayanagara empire (1326 AD to 1565 AD) are studied.
Under the history of modern India (from 1762 AD to 1947 AD), Maratha Empire (1674 AD to 1818 AD), Sikh Rajya Sangha (1716 AD to 1849 AD), Colonial period (1760 AD to 1947 AD), Bengal Governor-General, Governor-General of India, Revolt of 1857, Viceroy of India, Non-Cooperation Movement, British Quit India Movement, Homerul League Movement, Other National Movement, Cabinet Mission, Mountbatten Plan, etc, are studied.
When and where is the first evidence of humans found in India?
The earliest evidence of humans in India is found in Kerala, which is likely to be around seventy thousand years old. At that time stone tools were used.
Which is the oldest civilization?
What are the sources of knowing ancient Indian history?
Literary evidence, description of foreign travelers, and archaeological evidence.
What were the Brahmin texts?
Vedas, Upanishads, Epics, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Purana, and Smriti Granth.
What were the Non-Brahmand Granth?
Jain and Buddhist texts.
Who is called the Brahmin religion book?
To the Vedic text.
What does the word Veda mean?
The word Veda means “knowledge” meaning “Mahātgyan” means “holy and spiritual knowledge”. The word Veda is derived from the Sanskrit language “vid” metal which means “to know”.
Who was the compiler of the Vedas?
What is Vedang?
Vedang helps in understanding the nature of an object is called Vedang. Vedang helps in understanding Vedas well.