English

Verb

Verb

It is a word that describes the action or the condition of the subject.

Example:

  • The robber ran away in the dark.
  • The sun sets in the west.
  • She eats ground nuts.
  • They always fight with one another.

Classes of Verb

There are two classes of verbs. They have named classes because they are the basic structure of the verb which specifies the tense in the present, past, past participle, and present participle. They are as follows:

  • Weak Verbs
  • Strong Verbs

Weak Verbs

The weak form of the verb is used when the syllable is unstressed. Therefore, verbs that need the support of ‘ed, d, and t’ for the conjugation of the verb from the present to the past and from the past to the past participle and also to the present participle are called weak verbs.

Present Past Past Participle Present Participle
Work Worked Worked Working
Determine Determined Determined Determining
Bend Bent Bent Bending
Burn Burnt Burnt Burning

Strong Verbs

The strong form of the verb is used when the syllable is stressed., Therefore, verbs that do not need the support of ‘ed, d, and t’ but have vowels changed for the conjugation of the verb from the present to the past, from the past to the past participle, and from the past participle to the present participle are called strong verbs.

Present Past Past Participle Present Participle
Wear Wore Worn Wearing
Bind Bound Bound Binding
Drink Drank Drunk Drinking
Bring Brought Brought Bringing
Buy Bought Bought Buying
Am/Is/Are Was/Were Been Being

Kinds of Verbs

There are two kinds of verbs. They specify the action of the subject in its use in the language. They are as follows:

  • Transitive Verbs
  • Intransitive Verbs

Transitive Verbs

The Verbs that take objects after them or when the action is passing from subject to the object are called transitive verbs. e.g.

  • The cow gives milk.
  • She wrote a letter.
  • The man found the place.
  • Kevina likes apples.
Intransitive Verbs

The Verbs that do not take objects after them or when the action is not passing from the subject to the object are called intransitive verbs. e.g.

  • The birds fly.
  • The dog barks.
  • The plants grow high.
  • The stars move.
Verb

Formation of Verbs from the Noun

Verbs formed by adding a suffix ‘e’ after the noun.

Noun Verb
Breath Breathe
Cloth Clothe
Bath Bathe

 

Verbs formed by adding a suffix ‘fy’ after the noun.

Noun Verb
Beauty Beautify
Deity Deify
Specific Specify
Verse Versify
Class Classify
Stupid Stupify

Verbs formed by adding a suffix ‘ize’ after the noun.

Noun Verb
Nation Nationalize
Maximum Maximize
Minimum Minimize
Synthesis Synthesize
Harmony Harmonize
Verb Verbalize

Verbs formed by adding a prefix ‘en’ after the noun.

Noun Verb
Throne Enthrone
Large Enlarge
Joy Enjoy
Rich Enrich
Courage Encourage
Compass Encompass

Verbs formed by adding a prefix ’em’ after the noun.

Noun Verb
Bark Embark
Balm Embalm
Bitter Embitter
Power Empower
Panel Empanel

Verbs formed by adding a suffix ‘en’ after the noun.

Adjective Verb
Hard Harden
Light Lighten
Sharp Sharpen
Smooth Smoothen
Wide Widen
Worse Worsen

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