- A noun can be divided into two main classes:
- Concrete Nouns
- Abstract Nouns
The names of any persons, animals, places, or things that can be touched or seen physically and materially are called concrete nouns. They can be sub-divided into four kinds.
The names of the particular persons, animals, places, or things are called proper nouns. e.g. Raj, Salim, John, Mumbai, Africa, England, Aurangabad, etc.
The names of the class of persons, animals, places, or things are called common nouns. e.g. King, River, Tree, Cow, Boy, Man, Woman, etc.
The names of a group of persons, animals, birds, places, or things, or objects of the same kind as a whole are called collective nouns. e.g. a fleet of ships, a flock of sheep, a herd of cattle, a crowd of people, a team of players, etc.
The name of the substances or materials which can be used to prepare or make things are called material nouns. e.g. silver, gold, wood, cement, iron, copper, glass, etc.
The names of the qualities or things that can be thought of but cannot be touched or seen physically or materially are called abstract nouns. They express the quality, state, and action of an idea or a thought.
Nouns of Quality
The nouns which express quality are called nouns of quality. e.g. Knowledge, Wisdom, Kindness, Patience, etc.
Nouns of State
The nouns which indicate the state is called state of noun. e.g. Sleep, Youth, Childhood, Poverty, Death, etc.
Noun of Action
The noun which indicates the action are called the noun of action. e.g. Flight, Theft, Laughter, Robbery, etc.
2. Noun can also be divided into two kinds:
- Countable Nouns
- Uncountable Nouns
The nouns that are used to count persons, animals, places, or things are called countable nouns. They can be called as Numerical Nouns too. They indicate the number of a thing, one by one, like one, two, three, etc. The articles like a, an, the can be used to indicate countable nouns. e.g.
- A man was lying on the road.
- An elephant is destroying the garden.
- The sky was clear in the morning.
- There were five men in the car.
- We have nine rooms in the house.
- They planted eleven trees in the garden on 11.11.2011 at 11.11 a.m.
- He was the first in the class in studies.
The nouns that are used to measure the quantity of anything are called uncountable nouns. They can be also called as Quantitative or Measurable Nouns. They indicate the quantity or measure of things. e.g.
- There is some food on the plate.
- There was little ink in the pot.
- We have much work to complete.
- There was more pudding in the vessel.
- There is not much scope for improvement.