Gerund Definition

A gerund is a form of a verb that functions as a noun. a verb can be made a gerund or verbal noun by adding “ing” to the main verb.

The following sentences can explain the gerund very clearly.

  • Running is a good habit.
  • Ritu loves dancing.
  • The people went shouting.

Different Uses of the Gerund

It can be used as subject to the verb


  • Reading is a good habit.
  • Flying makes me nervous.
  • Smoking causes lung cancer.
  • Hunting lions are dangerous.
  • Trespassing is prohibited.

It can be used as an object to the verb


  • I washing dirty clothes.
  • Renu enjoys swimming in the sea.
  • Disha likes meditating in the morning.
  • Rohit hates eating salad.
  • Rohan enjoys watching cricket.

It can be used as the subject of the complement


  • Our basic need is forming good communication.
  • Their plan is rejecting the teacher.
  • His actions are speaking louder than his words.

It can be used as the object of a preposition


  • She is fond of watching birds.
  • Julie is concerned about retaining her status.
  • He kept on asking for money.
  • She always puts off going to the dentist.
  • Meena was blamed for praying in the temple.

It can be used after some expressions


  • Sneha couldn’t help falling in love with him.
  • Amyra can’t stand being stuck in traffic jams.
  • It’s no use trying to escape.

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