The English word State is derived from the Latin status, which means higher levels than others. The term state was first used by Machiavelli, the great scholar of Italy. Thus, in a literal sense, the state is the name of the organization whose status is higher than other organizations or people.
A state is an organized entity that is under one government (government). State sovereignty can be accomplished.
A government unit or any division of it is also called a state, like the states of India are also called states.
Number of States in India
There are 28 states in India which are as follows- Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharastra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu.
According to Garner – a state is a group of few or more people who are permanently settled on a certain territory, completely free from external control, having an organized government of its own, which the people naturally obey.
According to Jean Bonda – a state is a union of families, which is governed by some supreme power and logic.
According to Gilchrist – Where some people are under an organized government on a certain territory and have the means of manifesting their sovereignty in internal affairs of the government and are completely independent of other governments in external affairs, it is the state.
According to Woodrow Wilson – The people organized for law within a certain territory are called states.
According to Gatchel – the state is an organization of individuals who live in a fixed area permanently independent of foreign control from the legal point of view, they have their own organized government which makes laws for all the people and groups under their jurisdiction. And implement them.
It is clear from the above discussion that the state is such an organized group of individuals who live on a certain territory, which has its own government which has internal and external sovereignty.
Essential Elements of a State
The four essential elements of the state are population, certain area or territory, government, and sovereignty.
A state is formed by consisting of individuals, hence the population is an essential element of the state. According to Plato, the population of an ideal state should be 5040 and according to Aristotle the population of an ideal state should be around 10,000. In the absence of a certain area or territory, people cannot live a systematic life, so a certain area or territory is an essential element of the state, which includes water, land, air i.e. rivers, ponds, minerals, sea, and atmosphere, etc. Government is an essential means to regulate the lives of individuals by certain rules and hence the government is an integral part of the state. The sovereignty of the state means that the state is internally superior and completely free from external control.
Who first used the word State?
Machiavelli, the great scholar of Italy.
How many essential elements of the state are there?
The 4 essential elements of the state are population, certain area or territory, government, and sovereignty.
Who was Plato?
Plato was a philosopher
According to Plato, what should be the population of an ideal state?
According to Plato, an ideal state should have a population of 5,040.
According to Aristotle, what should be the population of an ideal state?
According to Aristotle, the population of an ideal state should be 10,0000.