Civics

Parliament

Parliament

  • Parliament is called the Legislature of the Union.
  • It consists of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, and the President.
  • The business of the Parliament is transacted either in Hindi or in English.
  • The presiding officers of the two houses main permit any member to address the house in his or her mother tongue too.

Rajya Sabha (Council of States)

  • The Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament.
  • The first sitting of the Rajya Sabha was held on 3rd April 1952.
  • The maximum permissible strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250.
  • 238 members are elected indirectly from the states and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President for their expertise in our literature, science, and, social services.
  • Currently, the strength of the Rajya Sabha is 245 of these 229 members are elected from the states and four members represent the union territories and 12 members are nominated by the president.
  • The Rajya Sabha is a permanent house and is not subject to dissolution and members enjoy its tenure of 6 years.
  • One-third of the members retire every second year.
  • It hares legislative powers with the Lok Sabha accept in case of money bill where the Lok Sabha has overriding powers.

Qualifications

  • He/she should be a citizen of India.
  • He/she should be at least 35 years of age for Rajya Sabha.
Parliament

Lok Sabha (PeopleR;s House)

  • Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament.
  • The first sitting took place on 13th May 1952.
  • the sessions of Lok Sabha are held every year namely the budget session monsoon session and winter session.
  • There is a total of 513 members from States 20 from union territories and 2 are nominated by the president from the Anglo Indian community.
  • The present status of the states is directly elected by the people of the state on the basis of adult suffrage.

Qualifications

  • He/she should be a citizen of India.
  • He/she should be at least 25 years of age for Lok Sabha and thirty years of age for the Rajya Sabha.

Bills

Bills may be classified as ordinary money financial and constitutional amendments.
the ordinary bills can be introduced in either House of Parliament but money bills can be initiated only in the house of the people.

After a money bill has been passed by the Lok Sabha it is sent to the Rajya Sabha for deliberations. the Rajya Sabha is given 3 days to make recommendations that can be accepted or not by the Lok Sabha.

The money bill cannot be returned to the house by the president for reconsideration.

Speaker of the Lok Sabha

  • As soon as a new Lok Sabha is constituted the president appoints the speaker Pro-tem who is generally the senior-most member of the house.
  • Speaker is the head of the Lok Sabha he/she is selected from among the members of the
  • Lok Sabha the speaker of the Lok Sabha conducts the business in the house. A deputy speaker is also elected to officiate in the absence of the speaker.

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